HEROIN ADDICTION

Starting thirty years ago, Cita specialized in heroin detox treatment. Since then, his professionals have been trained in the most advanced international centers in opiate detoxification treatment.

The treatment for the detoxification of opiates such as Heroin, presents a series of peculiarities that make its supervision by professionals particularly important. As we mentioned, heroin use is particularly addictive.

Patients suffering from heroin addiction usually require detoxification treatment initially. This initial phase supposes the overcoming of the physical dependence towards the substance itself, and the withdrawal of consumption begins. Detoxification eliminates the physical dependence caused by heroin use, and allows the patient to be educated and strengthened for the next phase of treatment. After passing the heroin detoxification phase, the patient feels that he can get his life back.

HEROIN ADDICTION TREATMENT

In heroin addiction treatment, there are currently several effective treatments for heroin use disorders. Research has determined behavioral treatments and pharmacological drug treatments help heroin addicts to reestablish brain functions and their behavioral state to a certain extent.

As a research center, CITA has managed to combine these treatments to improve the physical and mental state of health of patients as they evolve. And not only that, but combining these treatments with psychotherapeutic support helps reduce the risk of contracting diseases and avoid possible criminal behaviors due to the need for heroin use, and increases the rates of personal socialization with other people.

Heroin addiction has been shown to have a cure, and research experience in heroin detoxification and cessation has shown that drug and psychosocial / behavioral treatments to quit heroin are effective.

TREATMENT TO KEEP HEROIN WITH DRUGS (MEDICATIONS)

Nowadays treating heroin with drugs makes it a safe and painless treatment for heroin addicts, with a retention rate in the detoxification process of 100%.

The use of synthetic opiate derivatives is a safe and comfortable option for going through this stage of treatment. Our commitment is a formula that allows us to combine efficiency with patient comfort. The high rates of both effectiveness and satisfaction attest to our success in treating heroin in addicts.

Today palliative treatments for cessation of consumption have improved remarkably. Although the will of the patient remains the first stone on the road to quit heroin. Opioid treatment is a process that can be carried out with high levels of effectiveness and a respect for the well-being of the patient unthinkable only a couple of decades ago.

NEUROSCIENCE TREATMENT (NEUROJET)

There is the possibility of resorting to neuroscience treatment to proceed with heroin and methadone detoxification, thanks to Neurojet that incorporates the latest advances in pharmacology and therapy models, such as the use of the innovative non-invasive technique. This method is currently in the development and study phase.

Using neuroelectric stimulation, it facilitates the treatment of addiction to opiates, such as heroin and methadone, significantly reducing withdrawal symptoms.

CITA Clinics exclusively offers the latest advances in neuroscience opioid addiction treatment for heroin and methadone detoxification.

This treatment for opiate addiction uses neuronal stimulation, applying the latest knowledge in the field of neuroscience.

The computer-driven stimulation device, combined with a withdrawal protocol, significantly reduces withdrawal symptoms.

In this way, the detoxification process takes place more quickly and with less discomfort, since the electronic device specifically stimulates the body’s own production of opiates (endogenous morphine) by means of barely perceptible impulses.

The result is that abstinence from drug addiction is no longer as painful an experience as with conventional withdrawal treatments.

tratamiento de desintoxicación de la heroína
Neurojet tratamiento de desintoxicación de la heroína

CONTACT THE HEROIN DETOX CENTER APPOINTMENT




    HEROIN ADDICTION TREATMENT WITH PSYCHOTHERAPY

    The use of psychotherapy in the treatment of heroin has proven to be effective and is often performed in a residential setting to multiply its effect. The therapeutic approach with psychotherapy helps the self-control and social growth of the patient suffering from heroin disorder.

    Psychotherapy is applied from the very beginning of treatment, although it is most effective in the heroin cessation phase. It is composed of various therapies that help to modify behavior by motivating the patient with the aim of improving her health. They also help to clarify the daily habits and problems that led the patient to consumption.

    That is why at CITA we apply psychotherapy individually in each patient, because consumption habits and daily habits are different in each patient.

    HEROIN DETOXICATION

    The heroin withdrawal phase is the overcoming of the psychological dependence and the psychopathological consequences derived from the substance itself and the addiction. Through applied psychology in him and his environment, the patient engages in various activities to avoid future relapses from various perspectives.

    The heroin cessation program at CITA Clinics consists of combining psychotherapeutic and sociotherapeutic activities and actions to overcome the cessation through a change in habit. The help that patients receive from professionals has proven to be efficient and effective in all phases of heroin cessation treatment.

    HEROIN REHABILITATION

    In the heroin rehabilitation phase, the patient recovers from the sequelae produced by addiction. Through therapeutic strategies and rehabilitation with CITA professionals, the personality is strengthened, improving the total capacity to cope with situations that led to consumption and motivates him to continue with the change.

    Addictive diseases such as heroin addiction often alienate the patient and weaken her social and family environment. And, although the coexistence is maintained, the conflicts and the personal situation usually lead them to isolation. That is why it is so important to help an addict, CITA offers help to family members so that they can start rebuilding their life by starting an effective treatment.

    For the correct social reintegration, multidisciplinary work is carried out through psychotherapies, activities and sociotherapies. The treatment ends with the total reinsertion of the patient in her environment, stronger and more prepared to recover his life.

    WHAT IS HEROINE?

    Heroin is a semi-synthetic drug derived from opium. It is one of the most addictive illegal drugs known. Currently it can be consumed in various ways, but the most common ways are by inhalation or by injected syringe in areas such as the forearm, mainly.

    Heroin works as a depressant of the central nervous system and its use causes the physical dependence of the patient. Because of this depressant effect, some drug addicts mix it with cocaine, which further increases the danger of the substance.

    Heroin was first synthesized in the late 19th and early 20th centuries that it was originally conceived as a substitute for other substances, such as methadone or cocaine.

    However, heroin was soon found to cause even greater problems than did the substances it was intended to displace.

    Despite the fact that its use has declined significantly since the eighties and nineties, the high addictive potency of heroin means that it still retains a sad and important role in the field of drug addiction.

    According to the latest European report on drugs, there are 1.3 million problem users of opioids and heroin addiction in Europe. The same report points out that opioids are the main drug in 45% of the admissions requested in detoxification centers within the European Union.

    In Spain, heroin receives many other names, such as “horse” or “jaco”.

    HEROIN ADDICTION PROBLEMS

    Heroin addiction continues to be one of the causes that cause the most income in detoxification centers in our country. Despite the fact that its use has declined significantly since the eighties and nineties, the high addictive potency of heroin means that it still retains a sad and important role in the field of drug addiction.

    According to the latest European report on drugs, there are 1.3 million problem users of opioids and heroin addiction in Europe. The same report points out that opioids are the main drug in 45% of the admissions requested in detoxification centers within the European Union.

    The professionals who supervise these processes at the Center for Research and Treatment of Addictions are trained in advanced techniques for the treatment of withdrawal symptoms. Pharmacological protocols are used ranging from the administration of alpha-adrenergic beta-blockers to the latest advances in neuroscience.

    The use of synthetic opiate derivatives in the treatment of heroin addiction allows a safe and convenient way to complete this stage of treatment. Today heroin detoxification can be done while maintaining the quality of life of the patient.

    Sometimes, and with mistaken belief, it is believed that heroin addicts could abandon opiate use if they wanted and agreed to a change in attitude. But not further from the real thing, heroin addiction has difficulties to perform this action because it is scientifically identified as a disease.

    Giving up heroin is possible without suffering from health problems due to withdrawal, but only the patient decides when and how to quit heroin, whether on his own assuming the risks and the high possibility of relapse, or with the help of professionals specialized in heroin and addictions. .

    HEROIN WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME

    The withdrawal syndrome of heroin and opiates is the set of manifestations that occur in a person who has been taking them for a long period and has abruptly interrupted their use

    Heroin withdrawal syndrome is characterized by the immediate appearance of one or more of the following symptoms of malaise: dysphoric mood, nausea or vomiting, muscle aches, lacrimation or rhinorrhea, pupillary dilation, piloerection or sweating, diarrhea, yawning, fever and insomnia.

    The fear of withdrawal, or the withdrawal syndrome itself, is responsible in many cases for the maintenance of dependence. Overcoming it becomes the first step for the addict’s recovery.

    The fact of observing in a person some of the typical symptoms of withdrawal syndrome does not imply that the individual is dependent. It is simply an indicator that, after repeated administrations of the substance, you have adapted to its effects and when the dose has been interrupted your body complains.

    Now, dependent people are very susceptible to the presence of these symptoms, in such a way that they quickly associate them with the lack of drugs, which leads them to look for other doses to make withdrawal symptoms disappear. This syndrome is popularly called ‘monkey’.

    The manifestations of the withdrawal syndrome will depend on several factors. It is necessary to know which opioid is consumed in order to be able to anticipate when the syndrome will start, when it will be at its greatest intensity, how long it will last, and when it will disappear.

    WHEN HEROIN WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME APPEARS

    In the case of this drug, the heroin withdrawal syndrome appears eight hours after its last administration, reaches its maximum intensity between the second and third day, and lasts about a week. The withdrawal syndrome will be more intense, although not longer, the greater the amount of heroin consumed in the same day.

    Other factors to take into account are the time it has been consuming and the constitution of the individual. In subjects who have been using heroin for many years and who have made several attempts at detoxification, the idea of ​​having the monkey seems unbearable, so they will react with significant anxiety to the initial symptoms, while the reaction is less desperate in individuals who are face this situation for the first time.

    PHASES OF HEROIN ABSENCE SYNDROME

    The initial phase of the heroin withdrawal syndrome appears around eight hours after the last dose, the characteristic manifestations being a runny nose or distemper, tearing, yawning, and sweating.

    The intermediate phase appears around twelve hours after the last administration. Symptoms of this phase are dilated pupils, goose bumps, changes from cold to hot, tremors, muscle aches, and loss of appetite.

    The advanced phase appears between 18 and 24 hours after the last heroin administration. Typical manifestations are increased breaths and heart beats per minute, increased blood pressure and temperature, nausea, anxiety, and insomnia.

    The late phase appears between 24 and 36 hours after the last heroin administration. Symptoms are muscle cramps and intestinal cramps that can lead to vomiting and diarrhea, as well as low-grade fever.

    TREATMENT OF HEROIN WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME

    The treatment of heroin withdrawal syndrome should be carried out after an adequate medical and psychological evaluation. Hence, hospital emergencies or health centers are not the best place to start them. The treatment of opiate dependence requires the intervention of professionals and programs for cessation and reintegration.

    The patient who wants to undergo an opioid detoxification treatment usually receives support with drugs to overcome the withdrawal syndrome, which can be done on an outpatient or hospital basis. The drugs used are aimed at relieving symptoms. You have to understand that detoxification is the first step in the recovery process.

    Being detoxified does not mean being cured. The cessation process that follows detoxification implies that the individual will have to make the necessary changes in their lifestyle to avoid relapses and normalize their habits.

    HEROIN DEPENDENCE

    Dependence on heroin or opiates develops after a period of regular use, varying the time required to be dependent on the amount, frequency and route of administration, as well as on individual vulnerability factors and the context in which the consumption takes place. produces.

    In heroin users, the production of intoxication, withdrawal syndrome, tolerance, etc., are evident and occur in a relatively short time.

    In addition, this is accompanied by physical problems such as thrombosis, overdose, hepatitis B and C, HIV and AIDS. Its use also produces important mental health problems (for example, depression, anxiety, paranoia, suicidal thoughts), social (for example, financial, relationship, unemployment, loss of home, etc.), with the judicial system (for example , robberies and other crimes), etc. Heroin addicts are also often multi-drug users of other drugs.

    At CITA we are aware of and have experience in various cases of patients with heroin dependence who have undergone treatment and have recovered their lives. Leaving patients addicted to heroin in inexperienced hands often complicates their situation, so we recommend that treatment be carried out by professionals and doctors specializing in addictions.

    HEROIN EFFECTS

    The effects of heroin are initially unpleasant, with nausea and vomiting, but it is immediately replaced by an intense sensation of pleasure, with euphoria, a feeling of well-being and sedation.

    The main effects of heroin use on the body are: weight loss, constipation, tooth decay, anemia, insomnia, inhibition of sexual enjoyment, pulmonary complications, gynecological complications such as amenorrhea (disappearance of the menstrual cycle), and various infections (hepatitis, endocarditis, etc.) associated with the consumer’s lifestyle, etc.

    The psychological risks are diverse: personality alterations, memory problems, anxiety, depression, etc. Their dependence generates serious deficits in the life of the consumer (family, social and labor breakdown, falling into marginalization, etc.).

    Tratamiento para dejar la heroína

    SIDE EFFECTS OF HEROIN

    Few users of this drug are aware of the side effects of heroin. Heroin works as a central nervous system depressant and is one of the most addictive drugs known. Its use causes the physical dependence of the patient. Heroin has a depressant effect, so some drug addicts mix it with cocaine, which further increases the danger of the substance.

    The consumption of heroin causes significant physical and mental alterations in the patient. The body becomes addicted to the substance with extraordinary ease and the degree of dependence it becomes on it is extremely high.

    In the event of an overdose, heroin use carries very high risks, and even death.

    PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF HEROIN

    The psychological effects of heroin are:

    • Euphoria
    • Sense of well-being
    • Orgasm-like pleasure

    PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF HEROIN

    The consequences of heroin use have the following physiological effects:

    • Analgesia (lack of sensitivity to pain)
    • In the first consumptions, nausea and vomiting
    • Appetite inhibition

    Dr. Josep M. Fàbregas

    PSYCHIATRIC DIRECTOR / ADDICTION SPECIALIST

    Josep Mª Fàbregas Pedrell is currently a specialist in addictions and psychiatrist director of the CITA Clinic for addictions and mental health, made up of the CITA Fundación, CITA Clínica, and CITA Young therapeutic centers.

    He started his professional career at the Marmottande Paris Hospital, where he works with Professor Claude Olievenstein.

    Later he moved to New York and, after several years of professional experience, in 1981 he founded CITA (Center for Research and Treatment of Addictions) with the aim of developing a model of professional therapeutic community, which has been in operation for 32 years. .

    CITA is a heroin detox center specializing in heroin addiction treatment. We have different locations in which to carry out treatment with heroin addicts, which allows us to adapt to the needs of patients.

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