AMPHETAMINES DETOXICATION

Amphetamine detoxification is an addiction process investigated and treated at our center. We have developed a specific process to treat amphetamine addiction. A method based on two phases and a personalized follow-up adapted to each patient allow us to ensure very high effectiveness both in detoxification and in the rehabilitation of consumers.

 

WHAT ARE AMPHETAMINES

Amphetamine detoxification: Amphetamines are synthetic, addictive, and neurotoxic drugs originally used to treat conditions such as obesity or ADHD. Today it is responsible for a large part of substance use globally and encompasses concepts such as speed, ecstasy or crystal.

TYPES OF AMPHETAMINES

Amphetamines and methamphetamines stimulate the central nervous system. By far, amphetamine is the easiest to get in Europe. Still, globally, methamphetamine use is increasing.

When it comes to ecstasy, we are talking about synthetic substances that are chemically related to amphetamines but with slightly different effects. The best known substance within the family is MDMA and it acts as a mood altering and stimulator of the connections between the brain and the rest of the body.

LSD has historically been the best known hallucinogenic drug and although its consumption seemed to be reduced in recent years, its consumption has recently increased, especially of hallucinogenic mushrooms.

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    HISTORY OF AMPHETAMINES

    Adelano synthesized amphetamines in 1887. In 1920, Gordon Alles discovered that amphetamine sulfate had the ability to stimulate the central nervous system, so he sought to replace ephedrine.

    As of 1931, and especially under the effects of prohibition, it was marketed in the United States as a pharmaceutical product under the name of benzedrine. Next, another derivative, dextroamphetamine, came on the market under the name dexedrine. Later, they were considered ‘controlled substances’ and a black market appeared with names like ‘speed’ and ‘uppers’.

    Amphetamines, better known in consumer environments as ‘amphetas’, are a type of synthetic drug that is characterized by its stimulating effect on the central nervous system, as is the case with cocaine, mate or coffee. Its use in times of war is known to stimulate and enhance the performance of troops.

    In the 50s and 60s they have been used medically as antidepressants and slimming due to their appetite suppressant effect.

    TODAY ON AMPHETAMINES IN THE 21ST CENTURY

    Consumption is usually done orally. However, they can also be snorted, smoked, or used intravenously.

    The effects, as with all drugs, depend on many factors. The main one is obviously the active principle and the way of consuming them, but personal characteristics such as weight, age, sex, health status and even experience in drug use are very important.

    Amphetamines produce immediate effects that are very similar to those of cocaine. In the psychological aspect they produce agitation, euphoria, aggressiveness, feelings of greatness and increased self-esteem.

    Physiologically, it causes poor appetite, tachycardias, insomnia, sweating, dry mouth, increased blood pressure, arrhythmias, digestive disorders and circulatory disorders.

    One of the most common amphetamines is amphetamine sulfate, which at street level is known as ‘speed’ and which comes in the form of a powder to be snorted, like cocaine. Like this drug, it produces the same damage to the nasal mucosa of regular users.

    EFFECTS OF AMPHETAMINES

    Designer drugs, most of which are derived from amphetamines, work quickly and for a very long time. We speak of direct stimulants of the Central Nervous System and they are capable of causing damage to our body from the first ingestion.

    CONSEQUENCES OF AMPHETAMINES CONSUMPTION

    Some of the consequences of taking amphetamines can be: psychotic outbreaks, arterial hypertension, severe vascular congestion, vasoconstriction, in some cases impotence and frigidity or it is even capable of producing severe damage to the Central Nervous System.

    The consequences in cases of habitual consumption are very diverse in the long term, be it on a physical, cerebral or psychological level. Even so, the impact is not always so harsh, something that increases consumption and lengthens the addictive process.

    AMPHETAMINE WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME

    Amphetamine detox – When the effects of the drug wear off, amphetamine users experience withdrawal effects such as severe exhaustion, trouble sleeping, extreme hunger, or even depression. In most cases, these effects diminish and end up disappearing in the following days, but their resistance can persist for a few weeks or even months in some people.

    AMPHETAMINES DETOXICATION TREATMENT

    Throughout our thirty years of experience, many people have chosen to quit amphetamines at CITA Clinics. In our center, we adapt the treatment of amphetamines to new consumption patterns, obtaining spectacular results, as demonstrated by our high levels of satisfaction and effectiveness.

    One of the greatest advantages that CITA offers to the patient is the assurance that they can leave amphetamines, providing them with a safe containment framework and equipment with which they can create a stable bond as a tool to help them stop or disengage from speed or any other. drug. Our patients have a professional follow-up from their admission to the social reintegration phase.

    The first step in overcoming your amphetamine problem is acknowledging your addiction. A person who is physically or psychologically dependent on amphetamines is considered an addict. It is essential to accept this step to achieve your goals.

    These are very strong addictions so professional help will be necessary. Withdrawal syndrome is much easier to overcome with the advice of a professional and under the supervision of her. In most cases, admission to a specialized amphetamine detoxification center will be necessary where all the necessary facilities are offered to address the therapeutic process.

    Dr. Josep M. Fàbregas

    PSYCHIATRIC DIRECTOR / ADDICTION SPECIALIST

    Josep Mª Fàbregas Pedrell is currently a specialist in addictions and psychiatrist director of the CITA Clinic for addictions and mental health, made up of the CITA Fundación, CITA Clínica, and CITA Young therapeutic centers.

    He started his professional career at the Marmottande Paris Hospital, where he works with Professor Claude Olievenstein.

    Later he moved to New York and, after several years of professional experience, in 1981 he founded CITA (Center for Research and Treatment of Addictions) with the aim of developing a model of professional therapeutic community, which has been in operation for 32 years. .

    In our center we are specialized in creating programs that are adapted to the amphetamine consumer: guiding the patient, providing them with techniques to avoid consumption, reinforcing their personal commitments and increasing social skills and self-confidence.

    During the treatment, various professionals collaborate (doctors from different specialties, nursing graduates, clinical psychologists, social workers and social educators).